Hemorrhages sound scary, but they’re relatively common. People naturally fear what they don’t understand, so understanding hemorrhages, what causes them, and how to treat them can remove some of the anxiety and stigma.
Put simply, hemorrhage means blood loss or bleeding. A lot of times in movies or on TV, hemorrhage is used to describe some terrible scenario where there is a massive amount of blood lost. However, in reality, the term can refer to anytime blood leaves the body.
Here we spend a bit of time talking about common causes of hemorrhages or bleeding and what can be done to treat them.
Minor Bleeding vs Traumatic Bleeding
The major issue around any bleeding incident is the severity of what’s happening. When someone is wounded and there is related bleeding, treating quickly and effectively is what’s important. Here are some differences between minor bleeding and traumatic bleeding:
Minor Bleeding – Minor bleeding occurs most often with things like abrasions, or scrapes, and small cuts on the skin. Interior bleeding can happen when a person collides with a hard surface and there is some level of bruising.
Lacerations, or cuts in the skin, vary in levels of severity, but small lacerations that bleed can be managed fairly easily.
Traumatic Bleeding – Traumatic bleeding is much more serious than a minor injury and typically requires prompt attention. Traumatic injuries include things like stabbing, gunshots, impalements, and crushing injuries.
Traumatic bleeding is a sign of an emergency. These people need immediate medical attention. Significant pressure needs to be applied to traumatic hemorrhaging to slow or stop the bleeding. People can quickly lose function and even die from traumatic bleeding.
For minor bleeding, people should also apply pressure to stop the bleeding, but the situation is not as dire as with a traumatic injury. A small bandage should be placed on top of the wound to prevent infection and to facilitate scabbing.
Medical Conditions that Cause Hemorrhaging
Some medical conditions cause https://www.healthline.com/health/bleeding hemorrhaging. These conditions can trigger internal bleeding that can range in severity. They don’t often cause traumatic injuries, but internal bleeding is serious and needs to be addressed. Some common medical conditions associated with internal bleeding include leukemia, hemophilia, traumatic brain injuries, lung cancer, and diverticulosis.
Some prescription medicines can make internal bleeding more likely. It’s important to talk to your doctor about the potential for internal bleeding associated with any prescribed medicine.
Peptide PT-141 and Acute Hemorrhaging
PT-141 was researched in 2009 as a treatment for acute hemorrhage. PT-141 binds to MC-1R and MC-4R to protect tissues and treat hemorrhagic shock. The peptide has been tested in clinical research on rodents for its effects including anti-inflammatory properties and reducing ischemia. PT-141 has garnered a lot of attention in the medical field because hemorrhagic shock is extremely dangerous.
Things to Remember If You Deal with Any Type of Hemorrhaging
Stopping the bleeding is the main priority when treating hemorrhaging. Apply pressure to the wound for at least two minutes to slow blood flow and allow the blood to coagulate. Once the bleeding stops, do not remove the bandage. Simply add clean bandages on top of the existing bandage and tape it securely in place. For serious injuries, time is of the essence. Call for medical experts as quickly as possible and do the best you can until they arrive. When bleeding can’t be controlled with pressure applied to the wound, there are tourniquets and other medical equipment that can work more effectively. These should only be used in the most severe injuries when other measures won’t work.